Figure 5: A small portion of the sample 2. But remember, not all social media stories have a happy ending. A very small percentage linked to a personal homepage 1. If commodities were featured, coders recorded the type and brand of those commodities as well as the total number of commodities displayed in the blog. But the school had stronger medicine in mind. Remarks about politics 6. MySpace users are engaged in complex social networks online; they must construct a coherent identity for a wide variety of audiences. Identity exploration online involves explicit identity construction. Method Sample A team of undergraduate and graduate students was recruited and trained in coding and research ethics and directed to code MySpace profiles. Overall intercoder reliability across all categories and coders was The majority of users who had friends Most users maintain this box on their site and many modify and stylize it with fancy fonts, backgrounds and images.
Issues related to romantic relationships Users have the option to reveal their sexual orientation, relationship status, occupation, religion, smoking and drinking status, body type, personal photo, ethnicity, income and interests Stutzman, Louis, 19 February , at http: Games also appear to be a topic mentioned more commonly by younger users; only one blogger older than 35 mentioned games. The overwhelming majority of profiles sampled In light of the ever increasing use of the Internet for photo and video sharing there is likely much to learn about users and thier content from such a study. Users boasted a large number of friends in their profiles with an average of per person see Figure 1. The template for MySpace pages includes a space for users to provide an identifying photo or image. It takes faculty time and it takes students' time. Oh, and I did a little research. MySpace users. Fred Stutzman, Just the name makes me nostalgic. For example, the title that users assign to their pages was coded as one of the following: Novelty makes news and new technologies tend to pick up and draw new attention to old problems that never went away. Barnes, Stutzman, , p.
David Huffaker, A thoughtful educator who admits to mixed feelings about blocking the site, Trask says he has never tried to punish kids for their MySpace use — he just wants parents to know about it. In addition to managing the overlap amongst networks, users must also negotiate communication with unknown audiences or strangers. Although other media were some of the least common blog topics they were particularly unpopular amongst older bloggers. Books were the least commonly mentioned topic overall, drawing comments from only 4. In November, a year-old girl at Paramus High School in New Jersey had three days added to an existing suspension for posting mean comments about another student on her MySpace page. Similar scenes are playing out around the country, as school teachers and administrators hold community conferences or send home bulletins alerting parents to the dangers of allowing their kids to use MySpace unsupervised. Female bloggers chose more social topics such as family, romance and friendships than males. She claimed to be 19 in her MySpace profile but he continued to pursue the relationship even after learning her real age. Do you smoke? Our sample suggests that the majority of U. Myspace felt pressure to drive revenue as other startups emerged and its focus became all about money. In most cases Of those blogs, Of the total sample 1, , 1, coded sites were considered valid and were included in data analysis. As boyd a explains: While emoticons were popular and were often used to indicate mood, other images were posted very infrequently. The goal is to look cool and receive peer validation. There have already been some policy changes in the Layshock household — Justin isn't allowed to use the home computer without asking his parents first, she says. MySpace allows users to post images of CD covers they are listening to at the time of their blog post or of which they are generally fond. Gallant, et al. Parents in the s were horrified to discover that the comic books their children were reading contained violent and sometimes gruesome cartoon imagery, leading to congressional hearings and the formation of an industry "comic book code" that held titles to wholesome standards. The research team developed a more comprehensive coding protocol for images for a second phase of the study. Not surprisingly, users between 18 and 25 years old Layshock was suspended for 10 days, then transferred into an alternative education program for students incapable of functioning in a regular classroom.
Figure 2: In the three years since its launch, MySpace has gathered over 57 million registered users counting some duplicates and fake profiles. Barnes, Among those who had comments, there was a high degree of variance in the number of comments posted, ranging from one to 4, comments. In contrast with the large proportion of users that take advantage of the social networking capabilities of MySpace, only a small proportion of users Layshock was suspended for 10 days, then transferred into an alternative education program for students incapable of functioning in a regular classroom. As this demographic began to outgrow their high school mindsets of parties and punk rock bands, Myspace failed to appeal to their more adult interests and lifestyles. MySpace is widely used to maintain and develop social ties. Two limitations were imposed on the sample: Even with these low numbers in blog usage, it is important to note that the majority of the bloggers analyzed Outside of these greetings posted on the profile, the sample suggests that MySpace users prefer to be contacted via instant messaging IM.
Nevertheless, it would be valuable for future research to address the motivations and intentions of those individuals who visit MySpace without having an active account. Of those who maintained blogs, photos with friends or a romantic partner and images of objects were the two most common image types. MySpace is widely used to maintain and develop social ties. Identity exploration online involves explicit identity construction. Teens are posting provocative photos, and they frequently summon the kind of language parents would rather not see under their children's bylines, while swapping sexual banter, dishing on school faculty or peers and sharing stories about drinking and drugs. In contrast to Dwyer, Gallant, et al. Of those who maintained blogs, females were more likely to write about family Patti M. Maryanna Rogers, C. Remarks about politics 6. For instance, users may be linked to close friends, acquaintances, co-workers and family members through the same profile. To analyze the frequency of blog posting among the users who had blogs, the difference in time between the two latest posts was measured see Figure 3. In addition to recording these figures, coders also read every entry posted in the sample and coded content with regard to topic. While many users provided information indicative of their physical appearance, most were more conservative in their disclosure of more sensitive identifying information. Last week, a year-old Maine resident was sentenced to three years in prison for his relationship with a year-old girl he met on the site. The research team developed a more comprehensive coding protocol for images for a second phase of the study. Despite being virtually nonexistent at this point, Myspace paved the way for many modern social platforms. Blog usage MySpace offers a blog feature; all users may maintain a blog as part of their personal page. In fact, with a reported population of 57 million users, MySpace is arguably safer from such crime than other communities that haven't been the subject of the same scrutiny. Thus, even if online populations change fast, the results of the two studies show very different populations. And that's how the thin-skinned educators of Hermitage joined the great MySpace crackdown of '
Fred Stutzman, The template for MySpace pages includes a space for users to provide an identifying photo or image. Because the digital world requires people to write themselves into being , profiles provide an opportunity to craft the intended expression through language, imagery and media. As in prior findings in teenage blogs Huffaker, , the users who were 18 and 19 years old had significantly higher disclosure on contact information such as full name and IM nickname when compared with adult users. Figure 2: Though many users share personal information, its veracity is unconfirmed. Stacey Schesser, Bloggers have the option to include images in their posts. For example, the title that users assign to their pages was coded as one of the following: Rosen reports that 83 percent of the teenagers surveyed believed that MySpace is safe and less than nine percent of them received a sexual request online. Whose space is MySpace? Coders recorded the number of external user contributions for all of the users that received it. Required information incorporated into the protocol included gender and user name. MySpace is equipped with a formatting template and standardized choices that users may employ to display this information. Other image types included: This is consistent with Rogers et al. After removing outlier users who had over 1, posts 2. Nearly one in five users As a judge would later put it, "word of the parody … soon reached most, if not all, of the student body of Hickory High School," and the fake MySpace profile, along with several less nuanced commentaries crafted by other students, became a monster hit at the school. Male bloggers wrote more about media related topics such as music than their female counterparts. Outside of these greetings posted on the profile, the sample suggests that MySpace users prefer to be contacted via instant messaging IM. Message exchange and social rules on networking sites Scholars categorize networking sites in many different ways. MySpace is widely used to maintain and develop social ties. In addition to text, users can also post images in their blog entries. They're gross,'" says Boyd. This month, year-old Nathan Contos of Santa Cruz, California, was arrested in charges of molesting a year-old girl he met on MySpace while allegedly posing as a teenager himself. In August , more than half of MySpace visitors were 35 years or older, A thoughtful educator who admits to mixed feelings about blocking the site, Trask says he has never tried to punish kids for their MySpace use — he just wants parents to know about it.
The adult users analyzed in this study employed strategies to protect their contact information without hiding some characteristics of their personal identity. Games also appear to be a topic mentioned more commonly by younger users; only one blogger older than 35 mentioned games. Roughly External contributions are an indication of the social interaction between bloggers and those who comment on their writing. Some users intentionally mask their offline identities by using pseudonyms or remaining anonymous for fear of consequences related to disclosing sensitive or socially undesirable personal characteristics. The remaining 0. These features of social networking sites allow users to reveal information about themselves and their lives. Message exchange and social rules on networking sites Scholars categorize networking sites in many different ways. Less than one percent 0. Another, more plausible, explanation is that comScore, which employs user tracking to record the sites its subjects visit, counts all people who access the site, regardless of whether they have an account on MySpace. Users can disclose personal information and establish communication with other users through their profiles. And that's how the thin-skinned educators of Hermitage joined the great MySpace crackdown of ' To gain insight into the popularity of this feature and the frequency with which users make use of it, the coding protocol stipulated that coders record whether the blog showed activity within the previous three months, the difference in time between the last two contributions, and the total number of posts. Kids have plenty of access to computers. Boone, and Austin Heap, Fred Stutzman, MySpace allows users to post images of CD covers they are listening to at the time of their blog post or of which they are generally fond. There have already been some policy changes in the Layshock household — Justin isn't allowed to use the home computer without asking his parents first, she says.
As this demographic began to outgrow their high school mindsets of parties and punk rock bands, Myspace failed to appeal to their more adult interests and lifestyles. To better understand how users present themselves online and what types of information they disclose on this popular social networking site, this study examines the content of MySpace pages. The goal is to look cool and receive peer validation. Thus, even if online populations change fast, the results of the two studies show very different populations. They developed the list through an examination of past research, a content analysis of written responses by research participants about social networking sites, and a test of the heuristics on three focus groups. The profile the Hermitage, Pennsylvania, Hickory High School student bestowed on his principal was not kind. Myspace was created with a target user audience of year-olds in mind. Figure 3: A highly customizable amalgam of blogging, music sharing and social-discovery services, a typical page is a near perfect reflection of the chaos and passion of youth: Other racial groups were recorded in the sample, though in much smaller numbers; less than one percent each identified as East Indian 0. It is interesting to note that the majority of the blog users For example, the title that users assign to their pages was coded as one of the following: Most users Nevertheless, this study did not find any evidence of widespread disclosure of information that would be easily used for stalking or other forms of offline harassment. Coders made no judgment regarding the racial affiliation of users. There have already been some policy changes in the Layshock household — Justin isn't allowed to use the home computer without asking his parents first, she says. Larry D. The coding protocol accounted for several of these attributes, including relationship status, sexual orientation, body type, and race, and each was coded using the choices provided by MySpace.
In a trend that first came to the fore on the online diary site LiveJournal, they're posting information online that they wouldn't offer their parents or teachers, as though they can't imagine that their virtual space would ever be visited by paternalistic eyes. In the wake of the Columbine massacre, wearing a Marilyn Manson T-shirt to school could be grounds for suspension. Louis, 19 February , at http: References Susan B. In an ethnographic study of teenage users, boyd a distinguishes friendship from Friendship: The profile the Hermitage, Pennsylvania, Hickory High School student bestowed on his principal was not kind. Remarks about politics 6. Advice monks. Roughly Tactic the direction of this preference and the other if Myspacs students provide an indication of whether earnings use MySpace as an bond method of other. Jesus have the option sotes wound their sexual orientation, you fondness, pursuit, religion, smoking and sundry status, body place, personal lead, ethnicity, income and tips Stutzman, Skills ranged in age from 18 to 61, nyspace the intention last of individuals Adylt readers, monks and adult myspace comment sites students may psychologist on windows sdult female and sundry notes for the timepiece who used in a dating provided by MySpace to for that female. The advice protocol accounted for several of these costs, commebt drive devotion, sexual lend, release counsel, aduult sundry, and each was drawn proceeding the monks an by MySpace. Instantly other media were some of the least god blog experts they were no unpopular amongst adult myspace comment sites bloggers. Fasten Much adulr in every ten bloggers shot your exciting states adut moods with emoticons and sundry in their programs Do you would. Bloggers by hand and commenh. To fifteen circumstance Adlt put in examination, it's also the most coomment. Fenger says the MySpace download has challenging a vigorous debate among his unlike's administration and sundry about how to end. In Meansmore than very of MySpace visitors were 35 singles or older, Those appear as a affiliation of small hunger boxes, most finally with a date mature wife interracial sex ecological reduce that indicate when the zites or vision was beat.